Jim Crow Etiquette
Jim Crow was the name of the racial caste system which operated primarily, but not exclusively, in southern and border states between 1877 and the mid-1960s. Jim Crow was more than a series of rigid anti-Black laws. It was a way of life. Under Jim Crow, African Americans were relegated to the status of second class citizens. Jim Crow represented the legitimization of anti-Black racism. Underlying the Jim Crow system was the belief or rationalizations that Whites were superior to Blacks in all important ways, including but not limited to intelligence, morality, and civilized behavior.
Jim Crow etiquette operated in conjunction with Jim Crow laws (black codes). When most people think of Jim Crow they think of laws (not the Jim Crow etiquette) which excluded Blacks from public transport and facilities, juries, jobs, and neighborhoods. The passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution had granted Blacks the same legal protections as Whites. However, after 1877, and the election of Republican Rutherford B. Hayes, southern and
began restricting the liberties of African Americans.
Read the document titled "Jim Crow Etiquette" on the Moodle page and answer the question below.
1. How is the list similar and different from what you read about in the Black Codes handout?