Extra Credit: Trench Warfare Questions
WWI Extra Credit Assignment: Life in the Trenches
Read the article on trench warfare. Answer the questions below and upload your answers when you are completed.
I. Daily Death in the Trenches
- What risk was there of looking over parapet into No Man’s Land?
- What percentage of Allied deaths were estimated to have occurred in the trenches?
II. Rat Infestation
- Why was the brown rat more feared than the black rat?
- What methods were used by men to kill the rats? Was it successful?
- What problems did the rats bring to the troops in the trenches?
- Did the rats give any clues that could help soldiers?
III. Frogs, Lice and Worse
- What disease was caused by lice?
- Click the link for Trench Fever. What were the chief symptoms of the disease?
- What other bugs and animals were found in the trenches?
- What were the affects of trenchfoot?
IV. The Trench Cycle
- What was the cycle of duties that a soldier would rotate through in the trenches? Approximately how many days would a soldier spend in each role?
V. Stand To and the Morning Hate
- Click the link for Stand To. What was Stand To? What purpose did it serve?
- Why do you think Stand To came to be known as “morning hate?”
VI. Rum, Rifles and the Breakfast Truce
- At the conclusion of Stand To, what was a typical morning like for soldiers in the trenches?
VII. Inspection and Chores
- What type of chores were soldiers assigned?
- Click the link for preparation of latrines. What were latrines? Whose job was it to maintain them?
- Why was the smell from the latrines such a problem for the troops?
VIII. Daily Boredom
- What did men do to kill time in the trenches?
IX. Dusk: Stand To, Supply and Maintenance
- Why did troops have to go back on Stand To at dusk?
- What type of supply and maintenance activities occurred during night?
- What was the punishment for falling asleep while on sentry (guard) duty?
X. Patrolling No Man’s Land
- What jobs were men assigned in No Man’s Land?
- Click the link for listening posts. What were listening posts? Where were they located? How close were listening posts located to the enemy’s front line?
- What would happen when two patrols would meet at night in No Man’s Land?
- Why couldn’t night patrols use their handguns if they encountered an enemy patrol?
XI. …And the Smell
- What were the causes of the various smells found in the trenches?